Purpose

The Individual Differences in Performance Technical Group (IDTG) was established to serve human factors and ergonomics professionals who share an interest in any of the wide range of personality or individual differences variables that are believed to mediate human performance. Members of IDTG share a common view that the study of these differences as related to human performance is not only useful, but also may lead to better selection, training, design of equipment and operational environments, and prediction of human task performance.

Technical Focus

The important shared characteristic of IDTG members is their interest in how personality or individual differences variables relate to human performance in some important theoretical or applied manner. The domain of research and applied topics shared within this technical group includes a broad range of individual differences variables such a performance ability, gender, intelligence and other abilities, education or training level, and anthropomorphic variables. The IDTG domain also includes a wide range of modern personality variables of social, cognitive, and biological origins. The crucial unifying principle of the IDTG is the importance of such variables for the advancement of human factors theory, research, and application. Most of the research related to personality and individual differences in human performance is conducted at universities, government and military agencies, and companies, many of which are concerned with training, selection, or improving performance. In addition, many researchers are interested in exploring the basic theoretical foundations that underlie the personality or individual differences and human performance relationship.

Areas of Research Include:

  • Developing individual physiological or profiles
  • Individual differences in stress responses and performance under stress
  • Relationship of cognitive complexity to performance and empirical-based knowledge representation
  • Individual differences-based taxonomies of human performance as applied to training system design
  • Personality type as related to human-computer interaction and user-system interfaces
  • Personality measurement in air crew selection
  • Cognitive and learning styles in operations skills training
  • Personality and individual differences in workload assessment
  • Individual differences in the measurement and prediction of pilot workload
  • Effects of personality and individual differences on the team design of complex systems

IDTG Newsletter

Current Issue

August 2017